The heartwood and sapwood of Northern Red Oak are similar, with the sapwood slightly lighter in color. Most all pieces have a reddish tone. Red Oak is slightly redder in appearance than White Oak. The wood is mostly straight-grained and open. The texture is coarse.
North America – Widespread throughout the Eastern United States. The oaks are by far the most abundant species group growing in the Eastern hardwood forests. The red oak group comprises many species, of which about eight are commercial. The average tree height is 60 to 80 feet.
Black Oak, Buck Oak, Canadian Red Oak, Common Red Oak, Gray Oak, Eastern Red Oak, Leopard Oak, Maine Red Oak, Mountain Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Southern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Water Oak
1290 – This is the benchmark of the Janka scale
Average – Change Coefficient .00369
Widely abundant and in no danger – 36.6 percent of total US hardwoods commercially available.
The Latin name for oak, Quercus, means “a fine tree.” The oaks have been key in America’s industrial transformation: railroad ties, wheels, plows, looms, barrels and, of course, furniture and floors. The oak is the state tree of New Jersey.
|The heartwood and sapwood of Northern Red Oak are similar, with the sapwood slightly lighter in color. Most all pieces have a reddish tone. Red Oak is slightly redder in appearance than White Oak. The wood is mostly straight-grained and open. The texture is coarse.|
There can be great variations in color and grain depending on the origin of the wood. The farther north it is grown, the slower it grows, and the more uniform its color and grain pattern will be.
Red Oak undergoes a medium degree of color change over time with a slight ambering of the pinkish tan brown color you get when freshly milled.
Red Oak wood is used for flooring, architectural millwork, doors, boat building, furniture, veneers, caskets and paneling. Red Oak is generally less expensive and less desirable than White Oak, due to the beautiful figuring in the grain.
Red Oak is slightly harder than White Oak. Northern Red Oak has average dimensional stability. It is medium in strength and will bend well. It is best seasoned slowly. It is somewhat prone to rot and insect attack.
Red Oak is rated above average in all machining operations. However, it has been known to dull tool edges. Red Oak reacts badly with ferrous metals. Steel screws will eventually corrode and break. Red Oak sands and finishes well. It can be stained easily.