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Janka Flooring Hardness Scale

While there are many factors to consider when choosing your hardwood flooring, the durability of a particular hardwood is definitely one factor to consider.  The harder a wood is the more durable it tends to be.  A very popular choice in wood flooring is Northern Red Oak, so popular that it has become the benchmark in measuring and comparing the hardness of wood flooring. 

The hardness of wood is measured with the Janka Hardness test. The Janka Hardness test measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood. The higher the number the harder the wood.  Although this is one of the best methods to measure the ability of wood species to withstand indentations, it should be used only as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. The construction and finish also play an important role in the durability of any wood floor. 

Click the for more information on that particular species.

Brazil Walnut - Ipe  Brazilian Walnut / Ipe Species Information  

Brazil Teak - Cumaru  Brazilian Teak / Cumaru Species Information

Ebony  Ebony Species Information

Brazil Redwood - Paraju

Bloodwood

Purpleheart  Purpleheart Species Information

Red Mahogany

Spotted Gum  Spotted Gum Species Information

Brazil Cherry - Jatoba  Brazil Cherry / Jatoba Species Information

Mesquite

Santos Mahogany - Cabreuva  Santos Mahogany Species Information

Brushbox  Brushbox Species Information

Karri  Karri Species Information

Sydney Blue Gum  Sydney Blue Gum Species Information

Bubinga  Bubinga Species Information

Merbau  Merbau Species Information

Brazil Oak - Amendoim  Amedoim Species Information

Jarrah  Jarrh Species Information

Tigerwood - Goncalo Alves  Tigerwood Species Information

Hickory - Pecan  Hickory Species Information

Doussie

African Padouk  Padouk Species Information

Kempas  Kempas Species Information

Wenge  Wenge Species Information

Sapele - Sapelli  Sapele Species Information

Hard Maple - Sugar Maple  Maple Species Information

Australian Cypress  Australian Cypress Species Information

White Oak  White Oak Species Information

Tasmanian Oak  Tasmanian Oak Species Information

Ash  Ash Species Information 

American Beech  Beech Species Information

Red Oak (Northern)  Red Oak Species Information

Yellow Birch  Birch Species Information

Heart Pine

Black Walnut  Black Walnut Species Information

Teak

American Cherry  American Cherry Species Information

Southern Yellow Pine

Douglas Fir

Information courtesy The National Wood Flooring Association

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