The heartwood of Beech is reddish brown and the sapwood is generally a pale white. The grain of Beech wood is
straight, fine, uniform and mostly closed. The grain is coarser than European Beech.
North America - Throughout the Eastern United States. Commercial concentration is in the Central and Middle Atlantic states.
Beech, Carolina Beech, Gray Beech, Red Beech, Ridge Beech, Stone Beech, White Beech, Winter Beech.
1300 - 1% harder than Northern Red Oak
Below Average - Change Coefficient .00431 - 17% less stable than Northern Red Oak
Availability - .4 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.
Known as the "Mother of the Forest" for its nutrient-rich humus. Beech has a long, illustrious past. The Aryan Tribes of Asia, the earliest known people to use a written language, carved their messages into the soft, smooth pliable bark of the beech tree trunk. The writings, cut out of the bark and used intact, were called
"boc," which eventually became "book."
The heartwood of Beech is reddish brown and the sapwood is generally a pale white. The grain of Beech wood is straight, fine, uniform and mostly closed. The grain is coarser than European Beech.
Beech was once used to make snuff boxes and
mortars and pestles. Because beech wood does not impart any taste or odor, the wood is ideal for making food containers, baskets, utensils and cutting boards. Beech wood is also used for flooring, tool handles, interior furniture and musical instruments.
Beech wood finishes extremely well and is very easy to work with. The wood dries slowly and with little degradation. Beech wood has medium
density and crushing strength. Beech wood works well with both hand and machine and tools.
Beech works readily with most hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained to a good finish. The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. It is subject to a high shrinkage and moderate movement in performance.